We live in an increasingly globalized society that allows more or less frequent knowledge and contact with people with different opinions, beliefs and ways of seeing the world. Although this usually generates a current of understanding between different cultures, it can also sometimes degenerate into social violence.
And is that contact with different schools of thought allows an evolution of society toward values such as tolerance and mutual respect, but for some people can be aversive to perceive the differences between ways of living and thinking with other peoples and groups, being in some cases in direct opposition to one's beliefs and assuming the perception of an inequality or the loss of social power. Thus, the loss of power and the misunderstanding of other ways of seeing the world, considering one's ideals as the only or the most appropriate, can degenerate into violence.
1. Perception of inequality
In many occasions, social violence is exercised in conditions in which individuals perceive the existence of inequity.
The observation or belief that other people who in principle should receive the same treatment as the subject itself are treated favorably by the institutions or societies, or even more important than the person or group itself is treated unfairly or worse than the individual. That should generate a comparative grievance that can end in some type of violence. Inequality perception may be behind mass phenomena such as riots and riots.
2. Threat to one's position
As we have said, the objective of social violence is to maintain or increase one's status or social power. One of the main reasons for this is the consideration that the power itself is threatened. The exercise of power by others can be considered incompatible with autonomy and power , with which the individual or group is frustrated and seeks to increase their own control of others through violence.
On the other hand, the idea that there is an entity external to society that puts its stability at risk is often used as an excuse to undertake aggressive measures to control the population, something for which a clear justification is needed. In order to avoid this danger, the welfare of minorities may be compromised.
3. Social exclusion
Although it is linked to the above factors, social exclusion is in itself an important factor when explaining some acts of social violence. The feeling of not being considered by the whole of society as part of it generates frustration and anger with respect to the world and the society in which one lives. Vandalism, robbery and aggression are some of the types of violence that are usually generated by this factor.
4. Rigid and restrictive education
Educational patterns are very important when explaining social violence. An excessively rigid and restrictive education can cause the person to be unable to flex their views, opinions and beliefs . This encourages us to think that the way of doing to which the subject is accustomed is the only or the most valid, being other inconsistent and unacceptable options.
For example, identity politics, based on the disparagement of what is different, can be based on an education based on Manichaeism and the demonization of people who are perceived as alien to the group to which they belong.
Vulnerable groups or frequent targets of social violence
As a general rule, social violence is often applied against minorities, especially those that have traditionally been persecuted or oppressed but have, over time, increased their social acceptance, power and rights. For more info regarding this visit can you do my assignment for me online UK.
This change is perceived by some individuals as a threat to their own power and beliefs, trying to perpetuate traditional roles through direct or indirect violence. However, in other cases it is the minority that goes on to exercise violence, as a form of protest or vindication or in order to achieve a specific objective, as occurs in some popular revolts.